Electrical Welfare Trust Fund v. United States
ACA TRP Litigation- Exaction Class
U.S. Court of Federal Claims No. 19-353C

Frequently Asked Questions


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  • You are receiving the Notice because you submitted an opt-in form to join the above-captioned class action lawsuit (“Action”) asserting illegal exaction claims against the United States and your opt-in was accepted by the Court. You are an Exaction Class member.

  • Electrical Welfare Trust Fund (“EWTF” or “Class Representative”), on behalf of itself and the Exaction Class, allege that the Department of Health and Human Services (“HHS”) improperly required self-administered, self-insured employee health and welfare benefit plans to make Transitional Reinsurance Program (“TRP”) contributions for benefit year 2014 under 42 U.S.C. § 18061 of the Affordable Care Act (“ACA”). The statutory language of 42 U.S.C. § 18061 requires only “health insurance issuers, and third-party administrators on behalf of group health plans” to make TRP contributions.  EWTF alleged that self-administered, self-insured entities were improperly required to make TRP contributions despite falling outside of this plain statutory language. This lawsuit sought the return of all TRP contributions paid by self-administered, self-insured employee health and welfare benefit plans for benefit year 2014 based on HHS’s allegedly unlawful interpretation of 42 U.S.C. § 18061. 

    On June 22, 2022, the Court issued an Order certifying the following opt-in class: all self-administered, self-insured employee health and welfare benefit plans that are or were subject to the assessment and collection of the Transitional Reinsurance Contribution under Section 1341 of the ACA for benefit year 2014. On July 27, 2022, the Court directed EWTF to issue notice to potential members of the Exaction Class informing them of their right to opt-in to this litigation. Thereafter, Class Counsel and the Court-authorized administrator JND Legal Administration LLC (“JND”) disseminated notice to potential members of the Exaction Class. As a result of these efforts, 357 plans (who submitted opt-ins) were ultimately accepted as Exaction Class members by the Court. 

    On December 21, 2022, the Court granted EWTF’s Motion for Summary Judgment, stating its agreement with EWTF’s theory of liability. Thereafter, on May 12, 2023, the Court entered Rule 54(b) Judgment in favor of the Exaction Class (“Judgment”). The Judgment awarded a total of $185,230,024.42 to the Exaction Class, which equates to 100% of the TRP contributions paid by Exaction Class members for benefit year 2014. The 357 Exaction Class members are listed on Exhibit 1 to the Court’s Judgment and Exhibit A to the Settlement Agreement.

    On June 26, 2023, the Government filed a Notice of Appeal of the Judgment with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. During this same time, the parties began to explore the possibility of resolving the Action to avoid the time, risk and expense of litigating an appeal. After good-faith, arms-length negotiations, Class Representative EWTF, on behalf of all Exaction Class members, agreed to settle the Action in exchange for the Government’s payment of $169,022,397.28 (i.e., an 8.75% reduction on the total amount awarded by the Court in its Judgment) (“Settlement”).  

    On February 21, 2024, the Court preliminarily approved the Settlement, required that notice of the Settlement be sent to all 357 Exaction Class members, and scheduled a fairness hearing for May 1, 2024 at 1:00 p.m. EDT (“Fairness Hearing”) to determine if the Settlement and any requested attorneys’ fees, litigation expenses and case contribution award for Class Representative should be finally approved.

    More detailed information about this lawsuit is contained in the operative Second Amended Class Action Complaint filed in this Action on May 2, 2022. The Second Amended Class Action Complaint, along with other important case documents, are available for review on the Important Documents tab of this website.

  • Pursuant to the Settlement Agreement, the Government will pay $169,022,397.28 (“Settlement Amount”) to resolve all illegal exaction claims asserted by the 357 Exaction Class members in this Action as well as claims for attorneys’ fees and expenses. The Settlement Amount represents 91.25% of all recoverable damages against the Government. If approved by the Court, the Settlement will permit you to be paid for your claims in this case sooner, rather than years from now, or not at all.

    Upon payment of the Settlement Amount, Class Representative and all other Exaction Class members will release, waive, and abandon all claims against the United States, its political subdivisions, its officers, agents, and employees, arising out of the Complaint or otherwise related to this Action, regardless of whether they were included in the Complaint, including but not limited to any claims for costs, expenses, attorneys’ fees, administrative fees and costs, and damages of any sort (“Released Claims”). For the avoidance of doubt, Released Claims do not include any claims asserted in the Action by the Takings Plaintiffs or the putative Takings Class. Released Claims also do not include any claims relating to the enforcement of the Settlement.

    In the Court’s order preliminarily approving the Settlement (“Preliminary Approval Order”), found on the Important Documents page of this website, the Court appointed JND (the same administrator that handled opt-in class notice) as the “Settlement Administrator.” In addition to sending this Notice to Exaction Class members, the Settlement Administrator will pay Court-awarded attorneys’ fees, litigation expenses and any case contribution award from the Gross Settlement Fund (i.e., the Settlement Amount plus any interest earned on the Settlement Amount while in escrow). All costs for administrating the Settlement will also be paid from the Gross Settlement Fund. The amount remaining in the Gross Settlement Fund after the deduction of administration costs, attorneys’ fees, litigation expenses and case contribution award is the “Net Settlement Fund.”

  • Because the Settlement represents a compromise, the payment to each Exaction Class member will be its share of the Net Settlement Fund.
    More specifically, as an Exaction Class member, you will receive a pro rata share of the Net Settlement Fund (i.e., the Gross Settlement Fund minus fees, expenses, and any case contribution award), based on the total amount of your 2014 TRP Contribution. 

    If the Settlement is finally approved by the Court, the Settlement Administrator will send to you your pro rata share. Your payment will be sent to you by check or wire.

    In order to receive payment, you must provide you Taxpayer Identification Number (or EIN) to the Settlement Administrator.

    Please Note: No opinion or advice concerning the tax consequences of the proposed Settlement to individual Exaction Class members is being given or will be given by the parties or their counsel. Each Exaction Class member’s tax obligations, and the determination thereof, are the sole responsibility of the Exaction Class member, and it is understood that the tax consequences may vary depending on the particular circumstances of each individual Exaction Class member.

  • Kessler Topaz Meltzer & Check, LLP and McChesney & Dale, P.C. are the law firms representing Class Representative EWTF and the Exaction Class in this Action. You are not directly responsible for Class Counsel’s attorneys’ fees or expenses. If the Court approves Class Counsel’s request for attorneys’ fees and expenses, these amounts will be paid to Class Counsel from the Gross Settlement Fund. Consistent with the representations made in the initial notice following the Court’s certification of the class, Class Counsel will request that the Court approve attorneys’ fees in an amount not to exceed 25% of the Gross Settlement Fund plus litigation expenses.

  • Class Counsel will also ask the Court to approve a case contribution award to Class Representative EWTF in an amount not to exceed $50,000, for the extensive work it performed investigating the facts underlying the Action, supervising the litigation of the Action, participating in discovery, and negotiating the settlement at significant costs of time and resources.

  • You have the right to participate in the Settlement and/or to object to the Settlement, the request for attorneys’ fees and expenses, and/or the request for Class Representative’s case contribution award.

    a.    Participation
    You have opted into this lawsuit and are an Exaction Class member. Accordingly, to participate in the Settlement and receive your portion of the Net Settlement Fund, you do not need to take any further action. By opting into the lawsuit, you agreed to be bound by any adjudication by the Court or settlement approved by the Court.

    b.    Objections
    As an Exaction Class member, you may object to the Settlement, the request for attorneys’ fees and expenses and/or the request for a case contribution award to Class Representative.

    The Court will consider and decide all properly submitted objections. All orders and judgments entered by the Court regarding the Settlement, including whether to accept or reject an objection, are binding on all Exaction Class members.

    To object, you must file a written statement with the Court (and serve the same on Class Counsel and the Government’s Counsel), stating your objection. Specifically, your objection must include: (1) the name of this proceeding, The Electrical Welfare Trust Fund, et al. v. United States of America, Civil Action No. 19-353 C (U.S. Court of Federal Claims); (2) your full name, current address, and telephone number; (3) your signature, or if represented, your counsel’s signature; (4) a descriptions of the basis for your objection, including all citations to legal authority and evidence supporting the objection;  and (5) your unique i.d. number that was included in the Settlement Administrator’s email attaching this Notice. If you are represented by an attorney, you must also include the full name, address, phone number, and email address of your attorney in your objection. If you wish to personally participate in the Fairness Hearing or if you wish to have your attorney do so, your objection must include a request to participate in the Fairness Hearing, either in person or through your attorney. 

    To be considered by the Court, all objections to the Settlement, and all requests to participate in the Fairness Hearing, must be filed with the Court no later than April 10, 2024:

    Clerk of Court
    U.S. Court of Federal Claims
    Howard T. Markey National Courts Building
    717 Madison Place, N.W.
    Washington, DC 20439

    Copies of the objection must also be served on representative counsel for the Exaction Class and the Government’s Counsel at the following addresses:

    Representative Class Counsel
    Joseph H. Meltzer
    Kessler Topaz Meltzer & Check, LLP
    280 King of Prussia Road
    Radnor, PA 19087

    Government’s Counsel
    Borislav Kushnir
    Senior Trial Counsel
    U.S. Department of Justice
    P.O. Box 480
    Ben Franklin Station
    Washington, D.C. 20044




  • The Court will hold the Fairness Hearing on May 1 , 2024 at 1:00 EDT, at the Court of Federal Claims, Howard T. Markey National Courts Building, 717 Madison Place, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20439. At this hearing, the Court will consider whether the Settlement is fair, reasonable and adequate and whether Class Counsel’s requests for attorneys’ fees, expenses and case contribution award to EWTF are fair and reasonable. If there are objections, the Court will consider them at that time. If you do not have objections to the Settlement, you do not have to attend the hearing. 

  • You may contact Class Counsel or the Settlement Administrator at 1-877-654-1971.

  • Payments will go out after the Court finally approves the Settlement and there are no appeals. Your share of the Settlement will be paid by check or wire transfer.

  • The Notice summarizes the Settlement. The complete terms of the Settlement are set out in the Settlement Agreement. You may obtain a copy of the Settlement Agreement and other Settlement-related documents on this website. You can also contact the Settlement Administrator at:

    TRP Litigation
    c/o JND Legal Administration
    P.O. Box 91381
    Seattle, WA 9811


    If you have additional questions, you may contact Class Counsel directly:

    Joseph H. Meltzer
    Melissa L. Yeates
    Jonathan F. Neumann

    280 King of Prussia Road
    Radnor, PA 19087
    Telephone: (610) 667-7706

    Charles F. Fuller
    4000 Mitchellville Road, Suite 222
    Bowie, MD 20716
    Telephone: (301) 805-6080




    Please do not contact the Government or the United States Court of Federal Claims with questions or requests for information.

For More Information

Visit this website often to get the most up-to-date information.

TRP Litigation
c/o JND Legal Administration
PO Box 91381
Seattle, WA 98111